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World Plant and Soil Science Congress

Rome, Italy

Estrella Garrido

Estrella Garrido

Catholic University of Maule, Chile

Title: Overlapping of agricultural and mining activities in two regions of central Chile

Biography

Biography: Estrella Garrido

Abstract

The role of mining has been key for the economic development of Chile from the time of the Spanish colony through the nitrate boom years i.e. end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century. Expansion of mining activity directly influenced the generation of important environmental impacts, which gradually gained notoriety until becoming unsustainable. The aim of this work was to carry out an exploratory analysis of the Cu level in agricultural soils of the Maule region (34°47´44´´S; 71°02´53´´O and  35° 06´28´´S; 71° 17´42´´ O) to establish a baseline, given that large-scale mining is projected towards this region and compare them with the soils of the O'Higgins region (34°15'35.96" S; 71°4'40.44" O and 34° 18′ 0″ S; 71° 6′ 0″ O)  where mining has been exploited industrially since the last century. In the O'Higgins region, the values ​​fluctuated between 5,4 and 27,1 mg*kg-1  of Cu2+ at 0.1 m depth, among the factors that prevent damage to the plants is the significant level of carbonates in irrigation waters. The foliar analyzes carried out in fruit trees show that the levels of Cu present are in the accepted ranges; no damage were observed in the plants. In fruits, the levels are ten times lower than the tolerable levels. In the Maule region, the values ​​fluctuate between 0,65 and 15 mg*kg-1 of Cu2+ at 0-0.1 m, which would indicate that intensive agriculture would also contribute to the contamination of the environment by copper.