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Cahyono Agus

Cahyono Agus

Universitas Gadjah Mada

Title: Integrated bio-cycles management for rehabilitation of degraded land by anthropogenic desertification in tropical ecosystem


Biography: Cahyono Agus


Miss-management and over-exploitation of natural resources caused accelerated anthropogenic desertification of the former tropical ecosystem. Open mining activities exposed toxicity materials and formed moist degraded desert land that could be the leading cause of severe anthropogenic local, regional, and global environmental degradation. Moisture deserted land in the tropical ecosystem has more limiting factors in the form of physical, chemical, and biological soil properties, which are more dangerous compared to deserts in temperate regions. The shifting paradigm from the extraction of natural resources to sustainable development concepts will facilitate shifting industrial activities for more smart, global, focus, productive, efficient, environmentally friendly, and futuristic programs. Synergism to genetic and environmental engineering will improve the success rate of land rehabilitation. Environmental site engineering on critically degraded land through land preparation, soil amendment, biofertilizer, plantation, and biological conservation could facilitate a better rehabilitation of mining land and have added value to the environment, economy, socio-cultural, and health aspects. The management of land resources (i.e., soil, water, mineral, air, and microclimate) and biological resources (i.e., fauna, flora, and human) by an integrated bio-cycle management is an essential strategy for productive and conservative degraded tropical ecosystems. Technical, socio-culture, and environmental site engineering contributes significantly to the initial sustainable development of land rehabilitation in a deserted tropical land.